Garnet

Overview

The name of this radiant gemstone is believed to have originated from two different words – ‘gernet’, which means ‘dark red’ in Middle English and the Latin term ‘garanatus’ that stands for ‘seed-like’. These references aptly describe the appearance of this gem as small garnets do resemble the bright red seeds of a pomegranate.

While red is the most common color that is associated with a garnet, it is certainly not the only one this gem is available in. Garnets are also found in an assortment of other stunning hues, such as yellow, orange, peach, green, purple, blue (extremely rare), brown and pink.

This gemstone is different from other minerals, such as corundum and beryl that are primarily individual species with colored varieties caused by trace elements. Garnets, on the other hand, come in a variety of species and blends. In exceptional cases, they also occur in color changing varieties. These garnets display a different color in daylight and another color under incandescent lighting.

The six main garnet types used in jewelry include almandite, pyrope, rhodolite, spessartite, demantoid and grossularite. While all varieties of garnets vary in chemical composition, their crystal structure and properties remain the same.

This stunning gemstone is formed under exceptionally high temperatures in metamorphic rocks and sometimes in igneous rocks as well. Garnet mines are commonly found in Tanzania, China, Russia, Canada and the United States. It’s important to note that the price of a garnet is influenced by its type, rather than its source of origin.