Emerald, known for its ravishing green hue, is a variety of the mineral beryl. It contains trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium, which give this gemstone its vibrant color. Emeralds join rubies and sapphires to form ‘the big three’ of colored stones. This stunning gem derives its name from an ancient Persian word for green, translated to Latin as “smaragdus”, and eventually over time, changed to “emerald”. Regarded as the most sought-after stone in the beryl group, the emerald continues to enthrall the world with its lush green color. With a hardness rating of 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale, emeralds make exceptional gemstones for all types of jewelry.
Ancient civilizations of Africa, Asia and South America were fascinated by emeralds ever since they were first discovered. The oldest emeralds in the world can be found in Zimbabwe, while Colombia is currently considered to be the best-known source for the ‘deep green’ variety of this gemstone. Brazil and Zambia are also regarded as the leading sources for fine-quality emeralds.
Naturally flawless emeralds are very rare and extremely valuable. Very often, emeralds with minute flaws are preferred over the flawless ones as they are considered to be more authentic. It has become a common industry practice to treat emeralds with oil or synthetic lubricants for enhanced clarity. Earrings and pendants offer a great way to showcase the beauty of this mesmerizing gem. Additionally, the captivating charm of emerald engagement rings has made it a popular choice among couples across the world.